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Led light with an ATtiny13
All started in the parking lot of my supermarket: while deboarding my car I saw
her. A short chain of LEDs tied to a plastic case for two AAA size batteries and
a small switch. Of course, the plastic case was damaged, and there were no batteries
there any more. Would those light idiots still do what they were supposed to:
to produce light when current runs throught them?
Now, they all did it, even though in a parking lot many cars must have been
ran over them. So I decided to recycle this small piece of chinese soldering
art physically. From waste to something different. With three wonderful Volts
the full yellow, red, green and blue light hammer. But the chain is somewhat
boring, when there is no blinking, no soft on and off intensity changes, just
on or off, and nothing else.
For a microprofessor junkie, that's not a big thing: put some action to the
chain. And: depending from my mood, slow or fast. And: depending from the
daytime, so light or dark. And: depending from the time of the year, four
different sequences. Not only boring blinking, but a large number of different
flows in between.
And here that is all to bring some life to the LED chain.
- control the intensity of LEDs in 16 linear stages,
- drive up to 1.5 A LED current,
- be set to four different sequence types as programmed by use of
two digital switches,
- be set to single and 16-fold speed by another digital switch,
- be dimmed by a factor of two (by a switch or by an external
fototransistor or -diode.
In the center, there is a mikroprofessor, Mr. ATtiny13, because I always
have it on stock in my electronic boxes. Of course one of the smallest
available, because we don't need more and because assembler produces so
small hex code (C programmers, that aren't able for something else now
can change to other webpages and can program a 96-pole ATxmega elefant
to get their LED light dimmed).
The four-pole mini switch for mood- and sequence-selection is connected
to the portpins PB0, PB2, PB3 and PB4. To get clear signals when the
switches are open the internal pull-ups tie these input pins to the
operating voltage. The switches S1 and S2 arfe decoupled by 1k resistors
from the portpins to allow for In-System-Programming (ISP) to not interfere
with MOSI and SCK during ISP.
The portpin PB1 (OC0B) is switched as output and drives, via a 1k resistor,
the transistor BD137. Here, the PWM modulated output signal switches the
LEDs on and off. In the collector a resistor of 39 Ohms reduces the LED
current, because the chain was designed for 3V operating voltage.
For those that don't find LED chains in parking lots can build their own.
If you like it green you can use low-current-LEDs for that purpose. Those
who like to bring more light to the street can use extra high-current-LEDs.
The BD137 can switch up to 1.5 A. But the resistors must have other values
The ISP interface can be used to change the stored sequences if you get
bored by the four different ones once programmed.
For the supply I had a 5V supply for an old Palm PDA and recycled this, too.
To filter the DC current, the 220µF electrolytic condensator brings
some storage space.
I started mounting the device on a breadboard.
After anything went fine and the program was debugged, anything was soldered
on a small breadboard and build into a small plastic box.
The commented software is, of course, written in assembler. The source code in
Assembler-/Text-Format can be found here, in
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